- Last updated:
- 22 May 2019
Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is the variety of all species on earth. It includes plants, fungi, animals (including humans) and micro-organisms, as well as their genes and the ecosystems that they comprise.
Biodiversity and healthy functioning ecosystems are fundamental to all life, and provide essential services such as:
- cultural heritage
- climate change resilience
- landscape protection
- air quality
- waterways health
- productive landscapes
- tourism and recreation
- healthy communities.
Over 1600 individual flora and fungi species have been recorded within the Sunshine Coast's boundaries. This diversity of the Coast's vegetation provides feeding, sheltering, breeding and resting resources for native fauna.
Species found on the Coast include eucalypts, banksias, acacias, melaleucas, sheoaks; a myriad of rainforest and heath species, and of course the mangroves and pandanus that fringe waterways and coastal areas.
The Coast's native vegetation includes many significant species, including some that are found nowhere else in the world. For example the swamp stringybark (Eucalyptus conglomerata) is Australia's most endangered eucalypt. The Mount Beerwah mallee (Eucalyptus kabiana) is known from only one dispersed population in the Glasshouse Mountains, and Buderim holly (Graptophyllum reticulatum), a small distinctive shrub, is known from only two localities on the Sunshine Coast.
Generate your own plant species lists for the Sunshine Coast region or your own local area using Wildlife Online on the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection website.
Identify the Coast's native plants and some of our worst weeds with council's Take Another Look...Our Locals are Beauties native planting brochures.
- Our Locals are Beauties (coastal edition): natives page 1-33 and weeds page 34-60
- Our Locals are Beauties (hinterland edition): part 1
- Our Locals are Beauties (hinterland edition): part 2
In late winter and spring the Coast's wildflowers burst forth in an array of sizes, shapes and colours.
Wildflowers are found across the Coast, from the wallum heath to the forests of the hinterland. Go wildflower wandering with the Sunshine Coast Wildflowers Festival Self Guided Walks or the Wildflowers of the Sunshine Coast brochure.
Join in the annual Wildflower Festival, a range of activities running over two weeks in August/September. See the Wildflower Festival website for more information.
- Australian Native Plant Society website
- What Native Plant Is That website (for schools)
- WetlandInfo's wetland information summary search website
- Queensland Herbarium website